The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to chemistry:. Chemistry — science of atomic matter matter that is composed of chemical elements , especially its chemical reactions , but also including its properties, structure, composition, behavior, and changes as they relate the chemical reactions. Atomic theory The Atomic Model Timeline. The Plum Pudding Model. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
- What are the branches of chemistry and their definition?
- The Different Branches of Chemistry Every Science Nerd Should Know
- organic chemistry
- What are the Branches of Chemistry | Their Examples and Uses
- The 5 Main Branches of Chemistry
- Types and Branches of Chemistry | An Insight into The Different Types Of Chemistry
What are the branches of chemistry and their definition?
Chemistry is a branch of science dealing with matter and its properties. But the subject is so vast and detailed that it has to be read in branches and sub-branches. Since all the branches are useful to man, they are also offered as part of a different set of courses and degrees. They are useful in either medicine, technology, food or environment which makes it essential to study them. As the name implies, it can be assumed that this deals with something related to living beings.
Though it is true, in scientific terms, it is the study of carbon compounds. It includes the study of all the possible compounds which have carbon in them. However, some define organic chemistry as the study of compounds having carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Because pure carbon compounds like graphite, coal and diamond are non-reactive and are least studied in this branch of chemistry. There is a vast number of compounds which have diverse chemical properties. They find their uses in medicine, food, agriculture, sterilization, disinfection and also research.
Examples of compounds studied in this branch include; carbohydrates, benzene, amino-acids, vinegar, phenol, etc. For a complete list, read examples of organic compounds along with their structure. What is studied: In general the study includes synthesis, identification, purification, breakdown and also methods to discover new compounds and their applications. Inorganic chemistry: This is the chemistry which studies compounds devoid of carbon.
This has a massive list of chemicals which are naturally found in nature and also synthesis in the laboratory. However, it seems that the number of the compound under this inorganic chemistry are lesser than those in organic chemistry. Hydrochloric acid, sulfuric acid. This chemistry as the name implies is the study of biological chemistry. Biochemistry deals with chemistry happening inside the living bodies of animals and plants.
This subject is huge and plays an important role in medicine, agriculture, poultry, fisheries, etc. This helped in understanding the actual physiology of our bodies and the cause of diseases. In plants, it explains the process of photosynthesis, respiration, transpiration. In animals, it describes digestion, metabolism , excretion, respiration energy formation and also nerve conduction.
Its applications in daily life include glucose estimation diabetic patients , fermentation, etc. Physical chemistry: As the name indicates, it deals with the physical properties of chemicals or substances. It includes topics like gaseous laws Dalton law , thermal conduction in liquids, gases, solids. The conductivity of electrolytes used in batteries liquids etc. It also deals with processes like sublimation, melting point, boiling point, the crystal structure of compounds, etc.
This chemistry finds its applications in other branches of chemistry besides daily applications in industries, automobiles etc. Medicinal chemistry: Chemistry plays a major role in medicine. Most medicines are of chemical nature. They are either organic or inorganic compounds. They have therapeutic potential due to their chemical nature.
Hence this chemistry tries to study reasons of the therapeutic property in the compound like its ability to bind to receptors, enzymes, bring changes in the chemistry of the body etc. The study includes an evaluation of SAR structural activity relationship. This means when a functional group is changed or the position of an atom or functional group on the structure is changed, it leads to better efficiency and fewer side-effects.
The study also includes discovery of new compounds for medicine. Besides new methods to synthesize the compound at less cost are explored. Analytical chemistry: This chemistry deals explicitly with the analysis of chemicals. Analytical chemistry plays a vital role in the quality control of products in the industry. Also in research, analysis helps to identify and also explore properties of compounds. There are so two types of analysis like qualitative and quantitative analysis.
Qualitative analysis deals with the estimation of the quality of compound and determination of impurities. While quantitative analysis estimated the amount of the main compound in the given sample. Most methods of analysis estimate both qualitative and quantitative aspects. The study describes different methods of analysis like. Nuclear chemistry: This branch of chemistry deals with radioactive elements. Their behavior like fission, fusion reactions, etc.
This chemistry finds application in making atomic bombs, atomic energy for generating electricity. Also see Branches of Physical Science. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Related Posts. Click Here to Leave a Comment Below 2 comments. Leave a Reply:
The Different Branches of Chemistry Every Science Nerd Should Know
Share facts or photos of intriguing scientific phenomena. Green chemistry is the concept of applying chemical research and engineering to design products and devise processes whereby harmful substances are not produced or used. It intends to derive scientific solutions to environmental problems. Chemistry is the science that deals with the structure and composition of matter and the chemical reactions that are responsible for changing the state and properties of matter. It is the science of atoms, molecules, crystals, and other aggregates of matter and the chemical processes that change their energy and entropy levels as also their structure and composition.
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Chemistry is a wide, deep subject, broken into five main areas or branches. One branch concerns living things and the human body; another branch studies products and materials made in a lab. Which branch of chemistry interests you most? Food additive:
Types and Branches of Chemistry: It ought to be, after all — chemistry is all around us, from the food we eat to the petrol that fuels our vehicles to the emotions we feel, everything is interlinked with chemistry. There are various types and branches of chemistry and to know each one of them is a tedious task. Embibe makes it easier for you as we bring you some types and branches of chemistry to look out for your career:. Under this branch, you will explore carbon, hydrocarbon and its compounds.
What are the Branches of Chemistry | Their Examples and Uses
Chemistry is a branch of science dealing with matter and its properties. But the subject is so vast and detailed that it has to be read in branches and sub-branches. Since all the branches are useful to man, they are also offered as part of a different set of courses and degrees. They are useful in either medicine, technology, food or environment which makes it essential to study them. As the name implies, it can be assumed that this deals with something related to living beings. Though it is true, in scientific terms, it is the study of carbon compounds. It includes the study of all the possible compounds which have carbon in them. However, some define organic chemistry as the study of compounds having carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen.
The 5 Main Branches of Chemistry
There are many branches of chemistry or chemistry disciplines. There are other ways chemistry can be divided into categories. Other examples of branches of chemistry might include polymer chemistry and geochemistry. Chemical engineering might also be considered a chemistry discipline. There is also overlap between disciplines; biochemistry and organic chemistry, in particular, share a lot in common. Share Flipboard Email. Helmenstine holds a Ph.
Types and Branches of Chemistry | An Insight into The Different Types Of Chemistry
Contact us. Fundamentally, chemistry is the study of matter and change. The way that chemists study matter and change and the types of systems that are studied varies dramatically. Traditionally, chemistry has been broken into five main subdisciplines: Over the last several years, additional concentrations have begun to emerge, including Nuclear chemistry, Polymer chemistry, Biophysical chemistry, Bioinorganic chemistry, Environmental chemistry, etceteras. The following descriptions of the five major subdisciplines were written by several of our faculty members in their field of expertise. It is mainly concerned with looking at the structure and behavior of these molecules, which are composed of only a few different types of atoms: These are the atoms used to construct the molecules that all plants and animals require for their survival. Traditional organic chemists are concerned with synthesizing new molecules and with developing new reactions that might make these syntheses more efficient. The kinds of molecules organic chemists synthesize include useful things like drugs, flavorings, preservatives, fragrances, plastics polymers , and agricultural chemicals fertilizers and pesticides , and sometimes include unusual molecules found in nature or ones that might simply provide a challenge to make.
By Anne Marie Helmenstine, Ph. What Are the 5 Branches of Chemistry? Here is a list of the 5 main branches of chemistry, along with an explanation of what each of the branches studies. There are many branches of chemistry or chemistry disciplines. The 5 main major branches of chemistry are considered to be organic chemistry, inorganic chemistry, analytical chemistry, physical chemistry and biochemistry. Organic Chemistry - the study of carbon and its compounds; the study of the chemistry of life. Inorganic Chemistry - the study of compounds not-covered by organic chemistry; the study of inorganic compounds or compounds which do not contain a C-H bond. Many inorganic compounds are those which contain metals. Analytical Chemistry - the study of the chemistry of matter and the development of tools used to measure properties of matter.
The five major branches of chemistry are organic, inorganic, analytical, physical, and biochemistry. These divide into many sub-branches.
The science of chemistry deals with the study of the properties, functions, transformations, structure and composition of the change of matter. Chemistry includes a number of reactions and experiments on the basis of which inferences are made and declared. Chemistry is a very vast discipline which includes a number of different sub-disciplines which are described in the following section. The science of chemistry is known as the central science as it connects other natural sciences like biology, physics and geology and many more. Chemistry is an interesting subject and hence, it interests a lot of students which are often given chemistry homework and chemistry assignment topics and therefore, they look for chemistry assignment help online on various online chemistry homework websites. NeedAssignmentHelp provides quality help with chemistry homework; it is the solution to all the problems of the students related to science and chemistry. Chemistry is the discipline which requires more of knowledge and less cramming up of topics and this is exactly how the experts of NeedAssignmentHelp work. The subject experts of NeedAssignmentHelp know all about chemistry and they use this information about chemistry in delivering chemistry homework answers to the students. Chemistry is a very vast discipline which is subdivided into a number of different disciplines, though the three main branches of chemistry are the physical chemistry, organic chemistry and inorganic chemistry. The experts of the NeedAssignmentHelp have all the information about chemistry and hence, they provide with every kind of help with chemistry homework to the students. NeedAssignmentHelp is known to provide the best chemistry assignment help online. The following section of this excerpt will enlighten you about the three broad branches of chemistry in brief: Chemistry is an extremely vast discipline which is known to be the central science that serves as the link for all the other branches of sciences. Hence, chemistry is used in a number of other courses. Chemistry in engineering is extremely important as engineering requires the applied sciences.
Home Free Practice Tests. Chemistry can be grouped into five major branches. This is the branch of chemistry that studies chemical compounds that contain the element carbon, and carbon-hydrogen bonds C-H. Organic chemists chemists who specialize in organic chemistry seek to understand the structure, properties, and the kind of reactions such compounds undergo. With this understanding, they can identify and classify the various naturally occurring organic compounds and also create organic compounds with desired properties and functions. Organic chemistry is in the heart of such industries as the pharmaceutical, rubber, fuel, plastic, cosmetics, detergent, dyestuffs, agrichemicals, and coatings industries. This branch of chemistry studies the reactions and properties of all chemical compounds that do not have the C-H bonds.
Although many would say that there are FIVE main branches of chemistry, namely: Physical, Analytical, Biochemistry, Organic and Inorganic chemistry many would argue that the science of chemistry actually links out to other branches or sub-branches that include Materials Chemistry, Theoretical Chemistry, Macromolecular Polymer Chemistry, Nuclear Chemistry, Metallurgy, Forensic Chemistry, Medicinal Chemistry and more. It is important to note that often sub-branches fall under one or more of the main branches of chemistry. Analytical chemistry is the study involving how we analyze the chemical components of samples. How much caffeine is really in a cup of coffee? What is the pH level of my swimming pool? Examples of areas using analytical chemistry include forensic science, environmental science, and drug testing. Analytical chemistry is divided into two main branches: Quantitative analysis on the other hand, helps to identify how much of each component is present in a substance. Both types of analysis can be used to provide important information about an unidentified sample and help to identify what the sample is.